RNS Number : 6898U
London Stock Exchange Group PLC
31 July 2020
 

31 July 2020

LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE GROUP PLC

INTERIM RESULTS FOR THE 6 MONTHS ENDED 30 JUNE 2020

 

Unless otherwise stated, all figures below refer to continuing operations for the six months ended 30 June 2020 (H1 or H1 2020).  Comparative figures are for continuing operations for the six months ended 30 June 2019 (H1 2019). 

·    Good financial and operational performance in H1 drives 11% increase in AEPS

·    Further good income growth in Information Services and Post Trade; resilient underlying result in Capital Markets

·    Strong operational resilience across the Group's trading, clearing and data platforms during unprecedented period; majority of employees continue to work remotely

·    Group in strong financial position; confidence in future prospects supports increase in the interim dividend (up 16%) to 23.3 pence per share

·    Good progress with foreign investment, antitrust and other regulatory approvals for the Refinitiv transaction, and integration planning is well developed; the Group expects to close the transaction by the end of the year or in early 2021

 

H1 Summary

·    Total Revenue up 4% to £1,058 million (H1 2019: £1,018 million); total income up 8% to £1,235 million (H1 2019: £1,140 million)

·    FTSE Russell revenue up 5% to £330 million (H1 2019: £315 million) with growth in subscription revenues and flat asset-based revenues reflecting lower ETF AUM levels

·    Post Trade revenue up 9% to £372 million (H1 2019: £342 million), driven by strong growth in LCH; record activity in CDS, FX and cash equities clearing; total income up 19% to £548 million (H1 2019: £462 million), mainly reflecting higher cash margin held

·    Capital Markets revenue down 4% on a reported basis to £217 million, and up 12% on a like-for-like basis excluding the one-off benefit of an IFRS 15 adjustment in prior year

·    Adjusted operating expenses, before depreciation and amortisation1, were up 8% (up 5% on a constant currency basis) and up 1% compared with H2 2019 

·    Adjusted operating profit1 up 8% to £575 million (H1 2019: £533 million); operating profit was down 2% at £391 million (H1 2019: £399 million); profit before tax of £362 million (H1 2019: £363 million); profit after tax of £261 million (H1 2019: £265 million)

·    Adjusted EBITDA1 margin broadly unchanged at 54.6% (2019 H1: 54.5%)

·    Adjusted EPS1 up 11% to 112.0 pence (H1 2019: 100.6 pence); basic EPS down 9% at 64.6 pence (H1 2019: 70.7 pence)

·    Strong balance sheet position with leverage at 1.4 times net debt: pro forma EBITDA

 

Commenting on performance for the period, David Schwimmer, CEO said:

"The Group has delivered a good financial performance and demonstrated strong operational resilience.  During this unprecedented period, we have focused on ensuring the welfare of our employees and on continuity of services to our customers, maintaining access to our markets and clearing venues, with record volumes executed across our services. 

"We are making good progress on the proposed transaction with Refinitiv, securing a number of regulatory approvals and engaging constructively with authorities on remaining approvals.  We also continue to make good progress on integration planning to ensure we are ready to deliver the benefits of the transaction to our shareholders, customers and other stakeholders.  We expect to close the transaction by the end of the year or in early 2021." 

 

Organic growth combined with new product development and investment continued throughout the period.  Highlights include:

 

Information Services

·    FTSE Russell announced a 10-year extension to a global index derivatives agreement with Cboe Global Markets to develop and list options based on FTSE Russell indices

·    FTSE Russell launched a series of co-branded fixed income indices in partnership with Johannesburg Stock Exchange and new index derivatives launched by Singapore Stock Exchange using FTSE Russell indices

Post Trade

·    LCH SwapClear became the first clearing house to clear Singapore Dollar swaps benchmarked to alternative reference rate Singapore Overnight Rate Average (SORA)

·    LCH EquityClear went live with a new LSEG Technology post trade platform, processing record equity clearing volumes in March 2020

·    UnaVista approved by ESMA to be a trade repository under Securities Financing Transactions Regulation (SFTR)

Capital Markets

·    £19.8 billion equity capital raised across new and further issues up 29%, with 17% increase in value traded across venues

·    China Pacific Insurance Group (CPIC) listed GDRs in London on Shanghai-London Stock Connect, the largest capital raise via an admission to London Stock Exchange in 2020 to date, raising US$2 billion

·    London Stock Exchange celebrated the 25th anniversary of AIM, the London Stock Exchange's growth market, with over 3,800 companies admitted since launch, raising £118 billion in equity capital

 

1 Before amortisation and impairment of purchased intangible assets and goodwill and non-underlying items

The Group's principal foreign exchange exposure arises from translating and revaluing its foreign currency earnings, assets and liabilities into LSEG's reporting currency of Sterling.

London Stock Exchange Group uses non-GAAP performance measures as key financial indicators as the Board believes these better reflect the underlying performance of the business.  As in previous years, adjusted operating expenses, adjusted operating profit, adjusted profit before tax, adjusted earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation, adjusted EBITDA margin and adjusted earnings per share all exclude amortisation and impairment of purchased intangible assets and goodwill and non-underlying items.

 

Further information is available from:

London Stock Exchange Group plc

Gavin Sullivan / Lucie Holloway - Media

Paul Froud - Investor Relations

+44 (0) 20 7797 1222


+44 (0) 20 7797 3322

 

Additional information on London Stock Exchange Group can be found at www.lseg.com

 

The Group will host a conference call for analysts and investors today at 08:30am (UK time).  On the call to discuss the H1 results will be David Schwimmer (CEO), David Warren (CFO) and Paul Froud (Group Head of Investor Relations). 

To access the telephone conference call please pre-register using the following link and instructions below: https://cossprereg.btci.com/prereg/key.process?key=P7C9K8NDA 

 

·    Please register in advance of the conference using the link above.  Upon registering with your full name, company name and email address, you will be provided with the information required to join the conference, including dial-in numbers and passcodes

·    In the 10 minutes prior to the call start time, please use the conference access information provided in the email received at the point of registering

 

For further information, please call the Group's Investor Relations team on +44 (0) 20 7797 3322.

 

Chief Executive's Statement

Overview of H1

The Group has produced a good half-year financial and operational performance against the backdrop of unprecedented conditions and with the majority of our employees around the world working on a remote basis. Throughout the period, we demonstrated strong operational resilience, maintaining orderly markets and managing market risk through our post trade services, with record volumes executed on our trading venues and at our clearing houses.

We have continued to develop and invest in the business during this period, successfully launching a new equity clearing platform at LCH in March during the peak of the equity market volatility, listing a second GDR through Shanghai-London Stock Connect and developing a number of new indices and winning new contracts in the Information Services division.  Our commitment to open access and customer partnership is at the heart of our business model, offering systemically important services on an open, non-discriminatory basis and developing new products with our customers to support global markets.

Total income for the half-year increased 8%, reflecting good growth across many parts of the Group.  This is particularly notable given the strong prior year comparative period inclusion of a one-off £32 million benefit from an IFRS 15 change in estimate, without which income would have risen 11%.  Adjusted operating expenses before depreciation and amortisation were 8% higher, but increased 1% compared with H2 2019, demonstrating good underlying cost control.  Adjusted operating profit increased 8% to £575 million, and adjusted EPS rose 11% to 112.0 pence per share.  The Group's adjusted EBITDA margin has remained broadly unchanged at 54.6% (2019 H1: 54.5%). 

We remain in a strong financial position, with good cash generation supporting investment and product development while leverage remained stable at 1.4 times net debt to pro forma EBITDA.  In line with our progressive dividend policy, and reflecting both the good H1 performance and confidence in future prospects, the interim dividend is increased by 16%, to 23.3 pence per share.

In August last year, we announced the proposed acquisition of Refinitiv, a leading global provider of data, analytics and financial markets solutions.  We are making good progress on integration planning to ensure we are ready to deliver the benefits of the transaction immediately following completionThe Group continues to make good progress with foreign investment, merger control and other regulatory filings.  Foreign investment approvals have been received in the US and Germany.  Unconditional merger control clearances have been received in Botswana, Germany, Japan, Jersey, Kenya, Morocco, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan and Ukraine, and merger reviews are underway in several other jurisdictions, including in Singapore, Australia, US and Canada.  The European Commission commenced a Phase II merger review in June and the Group continues to engage constructively with the case team.  Today the Group confirms that it has commenced exploratory discussions which may result in a sale of LSEG's interest in MTS or potentially the Borsa Italiana group as a whole.  The Group expects to complete the transaction by the end of the year or in early 2021.

Further commentary on the Group's performance in the six-month period is provided below.

 

Operational Performance

Information Services delivered a 5% increase in revenue, to £437 million (up 3% on an organic and constant currency basis).  FTSE Russell revenue increased by 5% to £330 million, and 3% on a constant currency basis.  Subscription revenue grew 8% to £218 million, while asset-based revenue was flat at £112 million despite a considerable drop in AUM values due to market volatility during the period.  ETF AUM benchmarked to FTSE Russell indices at the end of the period fell by 3% to US$669 billion compared to the end of H1 2019, but up 15% from the end of Q1 2020 as the market recovered.  Revenue from real time data grew 8% with strong new business to £52 million while other information services grew 4% to £55 million.  Cost of sales was flat at £36 million, with 6% growth in gross profit at £401 million.

The Post Trade division, which incorporates LCH, CC&G, Monte Titoli and UnaVista since the start of the year, grew revenue by 9% to £372 million (up 8% on a constant currency basis).  LCH grew 10% to £293 million, with a strong contribution from Non-OTC, which increased 16% to £80 million, with record levels of clearing activity in cash equity and listed derivatives arising from COVID-19 related volatility.  OTC clearing revenue increased 6% to £157 million, largely due to growth in client clearing in SwapClear as the number of trades increased by 24%.  The period also saw record volumes at ForexClear and CDSClear, and strong growth from client clearing in both services as they develop further.  Other revenue at LCH grew 14% to £56 million due to higher levels of non-cash collateral.  Post Trade Italy grew 3% to £53 million with strong activity at CC&G as contracts cleared increased 35% in the period to 67.5 million and at Monte Titoli with settlement instructions up 22% to 26.3 million.

LCH net treasury income (NTI) rose 56% to £149 million as average cash collateral increased 26% to €116.3 billion, and CC&G NTI increased 12% to £27 million as initial margin held increased 5% to €14.7 billion.  NTI is mainly comprised of income from collateral handling fees, calculated on an agreed basis point spread for the collateral collected.  This component is generally predictable and recurring income, typically making up two-thirds of NTI.  The remaining one-third component of NTI is the return on investment of the cash collateral over the level returned to members.  This element of NTI benefitted from the increased quantum of cash to invest in the period and also received a short-term benefit from the rapid reduction in central bank interest rates.  Assuming no change in market environment, total NTI is expected to be lower in H2 and closer to the income reported in H2 2019, as cash collateral levels normalised by the end of H1 and short-term investments will reflect the now lower interest rates.

Total income for Post Trade rose 19% to £548 million (up 18% on a constant currency basis).  Cost of sales grew 23% to £80 million, reflecting the strong growth at LCH and in NTI, leading to an 18% increase in gross profit, to £468 million.

Capital Markets revenue fell by 4% on a reported and constant currency basis due to the comparison with H1 2019 revenue for Primary Markets which included a one-off IFRS 15 benefit of £32 million.  Excluding this impact, Primary Markets' revenue grew 12% to £65 million.  In Secondary Markets, equities trading revenue increased 23% to £91 million, as volumes grew with the strong volatility in March as the market reacted to COVID-19.  Equity value traded on London Stock Exchange increased by 21% and the number of trades at Borsa Italiana rose by 57%.  Fixed income, derivatives and other trading revenue fell by 2% to £61 million, as activity in these asset classes was more subdued.  Cost of sales was £2 million in the period, with reported gross profit falling 3% to £215 million. 

Technology Services revenue was unchanged at £30 million.  Lower cost of sales of £3 million meant overall gross profit increased 3% to £27 million.

 

Financial Summary

Unless otherwise stated, all figures below refer to continuing operations for the six months ended 30 June 2020 (H1 2020).  Comparative figures are for continuing operations for the six months ended 30 June 2019 (H1 2019).  Variances are also provided on an organic and constant currency basis, accounting for the acquisition of Beyond Ratings in 2019 H1.

 

 

 

 

 

Organic and

 

 

Six months ended

constant

 

 

30 June

currency

 

 

2020

2019

Variance

variance 1

Continuing operations

 

£m

£m

%

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

Information Services

 

437 

416 

5% 

3% 

Post Trade

 

372 

342 

9% 

8% 

Capital Markets

 

217 

226 

(4%)

(4%)

Technology

 

30 

30 

- 

- 

Other revenue

 

2 

4 

- 

- 

Total revenue

 

1,058 

1,018 

4% 

3% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net treasury income through CCP businesses

 

176 

120 

47% 

46% 

Other income

 

1 

2 

- 

- 

Total income

 

1,235 

1,140 

8% 

8% 

Cost of sales

 

 (121)

 (109)

11% 

10% 

Gross profit

 

1,114 

1,031 

8% 

7% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted operating expenses before depreciation, amortisation and impairment

 

 (438)

 (406)

8% 

5% 

Underlying depreciation, amortisation and impairment

 (99)

 (88)

13% 

13% 

Adjusted operating expenses 2

 

 (537)

 (494)

9% 

6% 

Share of loss after tax of associate

 

 (2)

 (4)

- 

- 

Adjusted operating profit 2

 

575 

533 

8% 

9% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Add back underlying depreciation, amortisation and impairment

 

99 

88 

13% 

13% 

Adjusted earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and impairment 2

 

674 

621 

9% 

9% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation and impairment of purchased intangible assets and goodwill and non-underlying items 3

 

 (184)

 (134)

38% 

37% 

Operating profit

 

391 

399 

(2%)

(1%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (p)

 

64.6 

70.7 

(9%)

 

Adjusted basic earnings per share (p) 2

 

112.0 

100.6 

11% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend per share (p)

 

23.3 

20.1 

16% 

 

 

1 Organic growth is calculated in respect of businesses owned for at least 6 months in either period and so excludes Beyond Ratings

 

2 Before amortisation and impairment of purchased intangible assets and goodwill and non-underlying items

 

3 Includes transaction costs and restructuring costs

 

Note: Variances in all tables are calculated from unrounded numbers. 

 

The Group's principal foreign exchange exposure arises from translating and revaluing its foreign currency earnings, assets and liabilities into LSEG's reporting currency of Sterling.

 

Revenue increased 4% to £1,058 million (H1 2019: £1,018 million), and up 3% on an organic and constant currency basis.  As described in the operational performance section above, many parts of the Group have delivered good results, particularly in Post Trade and Information Services.  Total income rose 8% to £1,235 million (H1 2019: £1,140 million) on a reported and organic and constant currency basis.  Cost of sales increased 11% to £121 million, (10% on an organic and constant currency basis) primarily as a result of the growth in LCH and FTSE Russell, with gross profit increasing 8% to £1,114 million (H1 2019: £1,031 million). 

Adjusted operating expenses before depreciation, amortisation and impairment grew 8% on a reported basis and up 5% on a constant currency basis.  Underlying depreciation and amortisation at £99 million was 13% higher than last year, reflecting investments in previous periods.  The Group continues to invest in new products and efficiency projects, to increase sales and to develop the Group's infrastructure.  Adjusted operating expenses before depreciation and amortisation in H2 are expected to remain similar to H1 2020.

Adjusted operating profit for the period, before amortisation and impairment of purchased intangible assets and goodwill and non-underlying items, increased 8% to £575 million (H1 2019: £533 million).  Operating profit was down 2% at £391 million (H1 2019: £399 million) dampened by an increase in amortisation and impairment of intangible assets and goodwill and non-underlying items primarily relating to the Refinitiv transaction.

Adjusted net finance costs were £22 million (H1 2019: £36 million) reflecting a lower blended rate of interest on our debt following the refinancing of Bonds that were due in October 2019.  Profit before tax was £362 million (H1 2019: £363 million).  The effective underlying tax rate was 23.6%, and 22.5% for H1 with the inclusion of one-off and previous year adjustments (year ended 31 December 2019: 23.7%).  The reported tax rate expected for H2 is 23.0%.

Adjusted basic EPS, before amortisation and impairment of purchased intangible assets and goodwill and non-recurring items, increased 11% to 112.0 pence (H1 2019: 100.6 pence) while basic EPS was 64.6 pence (H1 2019: 70.7 pence).

Net cash inflow from operating activities was £448 million (H1 2019: £400 million), the increase reflecting strong underlying performance, partly offset by a timing-related increase in tax outflows.  Capital expenditure in the period amounted to £89 million (H1 2019: £89 million).  Looking ahead, we expect capex to run at a higher level in H2 as we continue to invest in further product development and other projects to enhance efficiency.  Net cash generated after capex, other investing activities and dividends, was £165 million (H1 2019: £122 million).  Discretionary free cash flow per share on the same basis was 98.0 pence (30 June 2019: 89.7 pence).

At 30 June 2020, operating net debt (after setting aside £1,337 million of cash for regulatory and operational support purposes) increased to £1,905 million, from £1,755 million at year end.  During the period, the Group increased the amount of cash set aside by £80 million following regulatory guidance on COVID-19 requirements.  Cash generated by the business funded the Group's investment outflows, dividend payments, tax payments and regular debt servicing.  Operating net debt: pro forma EBITDA remained stable at 1.4 times (from 1.4 times at 31 December 2019), reflecting strong earnings growth balanced against the increase in operating net debt. 

Standard & Poor's maintained its long-term ratings of LSEG at A and LCH Limited and LCH SA at AA-.  Moody's maintained its A3 rating of LSEG.  Both agencies maintained their negative outlooks in anticipation of the impact of the Refinitiv acquisition on net leverage.  Both agencies are positive about the strategic rationale for the transaction and reference the Group's clearly positioned de-leveraging plans.  The Group had net assets of £4,133 million at 30 June 2020 (31 December 2019: £3,801 million), including £1,641 million in cash and cash equivalents (31 December 2019: £1,493 million).

The Group's principal foreign exchange exposure arises as a result of translating and revaluing its foreign currency earnings, assets and liabilities into LSEG's reporting currency of Sterling.  For the 6 months to 30 June 2020, the main translation exposures for the Group were its Euro reporting businesses (accounting for 29% of Group income and 30% of Group expenses) and its US dollar reporting businesses (accounting for 29% of income and 19% of expenses).  A 10 cent movement in the average £/€ rate for the six months would have changed the Group's operating profit for the period before amortisation of purchased intangible assets and non-recurring items by approximately £21 million.  A 10 cent movement in the average £/US$ rate for the six months would have changed the Group's operating profit by approximately £8 million.  The Group continues to manage its translation risk exposure by matching the currency of its debt (including debt effectively issued in one currency and swapped into a different currency) to the currency of its earnings, where possible, to ensure its key financial ratios are protected from material foreign exchange rate volatility.

Response to COVID-19

The first half of the year has brought unprecedented challenges to our employees, customers, suppliers and the communities we operate in.  We have been focused on the welfare of our employees and the orderly conduct of business for our customers worldwide.  Our systemic role and responsibility to provide continuity of service to our customers and support financial stability has never been clearer. 

During the period, we have demonstrated our operational resilience against a backdrop of strong volumes at our trading venues and clearing houses, alongside the additional challenge of running operations with the majority of employees around the world operating on a remote basis.  We continue to monitor the development of the pandemic globally.  We expect the majority of our employees to work remotely for the remainder of 2020 with up to 30% gradually returning to the office in some locations where public health, government guidelines and the local status of the pandemic supports this approach.  We continue to engage directly with employees to support their physical and mental well-being with a variety of bespoke programmes introduced to support their adaptation to new working environments.

Recognising the impact COVID-19 has on the communities in which we operate in around the world, we have made a number of financial donations and partnered with global and local organisations to further support those directly affected by the pandemic.  LSEG Foundation used its Emergency Fund to support coronavirus relief efforts in the UK, Italy, Sri Lanka, France, Romania and the United States.  These initial efforts were focused on emergency medical supplies and supporting hospitals and front line workers.  Since then, the Group has focused on longer term recovery efforts in the UK and Italy, including supporting SME businesses to recover from economic impacts of the pandemic.  Together, LSEG and the LSEG Foundation have donated £3.3 million to date.

Interim Dividend 

In line with the Group's dividend policy, the interim dividend is calculated as one-third of the prior full year dividend.  Accordingly, the Directors have declared an interim dividend of 23.3 pence per share, an increase of 16% (H1 2019: 20.1 pence per share).  The interim dividend will be paid on 22 September 2020 to shareholders on the register on 21 August 2020.

 

Outlook

The Group has delivered a good financial performance in the first half of 2020 against the backdrop of unprecedented circumstances.  The full impact of COVID-19 on working patterns, customer behaviour and product development is difficult to anticipate but have demonstrated we can adapt quickly and successfully across the Group.  Despite the challenges, we are well positioned to continue to develop and to make further progress on our strategic plans, including closing the Refinitiv transaction. 

 

David Schwimmer - Group CEO

31 July 2020

 

 

Operating Performance - Key statistics

To assist investors in understanding the underlying performance of the Group, percentage changes are also presented on an organic and constant currency basis.

 

Information Services

 

The Information Services division consists of global indices products, real time data products and a number of other discrete businesses including desktop and workflow products.

 

 

 

 

 

Organic
and

 

Six months ended

 

constant

 

30 June

 

currency

 

2020

2019

Variance

Variance1

 

£m

£m

%

%

Revenue

 

 

 

 

Index - Subscription

218 

203 

8%

6% 

Index - Asset based

112 

112 

-

(2%)

FTSE Russell

330 

315 

5%

3% 

Real time data

52 

48 

8%

7% 

Other information services

55 

53 

4%

3% 

Total revenue

437 

416 

5%

3% 

Cost of sales

(36)

(36)

-

(2%)

Gross profit

401 

380 

6%

4% 

 

1 Organic growth is calculated in respect of businesses owned for at least 6 months in either period so excludes Beyond Ratings (acquired June 2019)

 

Note: UnaVista and some other minor items (previously reported in Other information services), are now included in Post Trade

 

Information Services

 

 

 

 

 

As at

 

 

30 June

Variance

 

2020

 

2019

%

ETF assets under management benchmarked ($bn)

 

 

 

 

FTSE

404

 

406

- 

Russell Indexes

265

 

284

(7%)

Total

669

 

690

(3%)

 

 

 

 

 

Terminals

 

 

 

 

UK

64,000

 

66,000

(3%)

Borsa Italiana Professional Terminals

97,000

 

100,000

(3%)

 

Note: FTSE ETF assets under management benchmarked KPI has been rebased to remove previously reported active ETFs. The previous year comparator has also been adjusted, with a change of $15 billion

 

Post Trade

 

The Post Trade division comprises the Group's clearing houses LCH and CC&G, settlement and custody businesses and UnaVista.   

 

 

Six months ended

 

Constant

 

30 June

 

currency

 

2020

2019

Variance

variance

 

£m

£m

%

%

Revenue

 

 

 

 

OTC - SwapClear, ForexClear & CDSClear

157 

148 

6%

6%

Non-OTC - Fixed income, Cash equities & Listed derivatives

80 

69 

16%

16%

Other

56 

49 

14%

14%

Total LCH revenue

293 

266 

10%

10%

Clearing

22 

22 

3%

3%

Settlement, Custody & other

31 

29 

3%

2%

Total Post Trade Italy revenue

53 

51 

3%

3%

UnaVista

26 

25 

4%

4%

Total revenue

372 

342 

9%

8%

LCH - Net treasury income

149 

96 

56%

54%

CC&G - Net treasury income

27 

24 

12%

12%

Total income

548 

462 

19%

18%

Cost of sales

(80)

(65)

23%

22%

Gross profit

468 

397 

18%

18%

 

Post Trade - LCH

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

30 June

Variance

 

2020

 

2019

%

LCH OTC derivatives

 

 

 

 

SwapClear

 

 

 

 

IRS notional cleared ($tn)

643

 

660

(3%)

SwapClear members

122

 

120

2% 

Client trades ('000)

997

 

807

24% 

CDSClear

 

 

 

 

Notional cleared (€bn)

1,398

 

696

101% 

CDSClear members

26

 

26

- 

ForexClear

 

 

 

 

Notional value cleared ($bn)

9,844

 

8,767

12% 

ForexClear members

35

 

34

3% 

 

 

 

 

 

LCH Non-OTC

 

 

 

 

Fixed income - Nominal value (€tn)

102.7

 

105.6

(3%)

Listed derivatives contracts (m)

191.5

 

146.0

31% 

Cash equities trades (m)

1,047

 

699

50% 

 

 

 

 

 

LCH average cash collateral (€bn)

116.3

 

92.7

26% 

 

Note: CDSClear notional cleared and LCH Non-OTC volumes have been rebased to count both sides of each cleared trade. This aligns with how activity is reported on LCH's website. The previous year comparator has also been adjusted

 

Post Trade - Italy

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

30 June

Variance

 

2020

 

2019

%

CC&G Clearing

 

 

 

 

Contracts (m)

67.5

 

50.1

35%

Initial margin held (average €bn)

14.7

 

14.0

5%

 

 

 

 

 

Monte Titoli

 

 

 

 

Settlement instructions (trades m)

26.3

 

21.5

22%

Custody assets under management (average €tn)

3.31

 

3.30

-

 

Capital Markets

 

Capital Markets comprises the Group's Primary Markets activities, providing access to capital for corporates and others, and the Secondary Market trading of cash equities, derivatives and fixed income.

 

 

Six months ended

 

Constant

 

30 June

 

currency

 

2020

2019

Variance

variance

 

£m

£m

%

%

Revenue

 

 

 

 

Primary Markets 1

65 

90 

(28%)

(28%)

Secondary Markets - Equities

91 

74 

23% 

23% 

Secondary Markets - Fixed income, derivatives and other

61 

62 

(2%)

(2%)

Total revenue

217 

226 

(4%)

(4%)

Cost of sales

(2)

(3)

(38%)

(38%)

Gross profit

215 

223 

(3%)

(4%)

 

1 Primary Markets revenue increased by £32 million in H1 2019 due to a change in estimate relating to IFRS 15.  This is due to a reduction in the length of time initial admissions and further issue revenues are required to be recognised. 

 

Capital Markets - Primary Markets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

30 June

Variance

 

2020

 

2019

%

New Issues

 

 

 

 

UK Main Market & PSM

20

 

28

(29%)

UK AIM

10

 

15

(33%)

Borsa Italiana

4

 

15

(73%)

Total

34

 

58

(41%)

 

 

 

 

 

Money Raised (£bn)

 

 

 

 

UK new

2.1

 

2.7

(22%)

UK further

17.0

 

10.8

57% 

Borsa Italiana new and further

0.7

 

1.9

(63%)

Total (£bn)

19.8

 

15.4

29% 

 

Capital Markets - Secondary Markets

 

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

30 June

Variance

Equity

2020

 

2019

%

Totals for period

 

 

 

 

UK value traded (£bn)

704

 

583

21% 

Borsa Italiana (no of trades m)

48.7

 

31.1

57% 

Turquoise value traded (€bn)

295

 

311

(5%)

 

 

 

 

 

SETS Yield (basis points)

0.69

 

0.69

- 

 

 

 

 

 

Average daily

 

 

 

 

UK value traded (£bn)

5.6

 

4.7

21% 

Borsa Italiana (no of trades '000)

387

 

249

55% 

Turquoise value traded (€bn)

2.3

 

2.5

(6%)

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives

 

 

 

 

Contracts (m)

14.1

 

18.4

(23%)

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed Income

 

 

 

 

MTS cash and BondVision (€bn)

1,702

 

1,650

3% 

MTS money markets (€bn term adjusted)

55,842

 

57,749

(3%)

 

Note: The H1 2019 number of derivative contracts includes 1.6 million from LSE Derivatives. This service no longer accepted new trades from November 2019

 

Technology Services

 

Technology Services comprises technology connections and data centre services for clients of London Stock Exchange and Borsa Italiana, plus the MillenniumIT software business, based in Sri Lanka, which provides technology for the Group as well as third party sales.

 

 

Six months ended

 

Constant

 

30 June

 

currency

 

2020

2019

Variance

variance

 

£m

£m

%

%

Total revenue

30 

30 

- 

- 

Cost of sales

(3)

(4)

(13%)

(13%)

Gross profit

27 

26 

3% 

3% 

 

Basis of Preparation

 

Results for the European and US businesses have been translated into Sterling using the exchange rates set out below.  Constant currency growth rates have been calculated by translating prior period results at the average exchange rate for the current period.

 

 

Average rate

 

Average rate

 

 

6 months ended

Closing rate at

6 months ended

Closing rate at

 

30 June 2020

30 June 2020

30 June 2019

30 June 2019

GBP : EUR

1.14

1.09

1.15

1.12

GBP : USD

1.26

1.23

1.29

1.27

 


Condensed CONSOLIDATED Income Statement

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June 2020 Unaudited

 

Six months ended 30 June 2019

Unaudited

 

 

Underlying items

Non-underlying items

Total

 

Underlying items

Non-underlying items

Total

Continuing operations

 

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

Notes

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

2

1,058

-

1,058

 

1,018

-

1,018

Net treasury income from CCP clearing business

2

176

-

176

 

120

-

120

Other income

2

1

-

1

 

2

-

2

Total income

 

1,235

-

1,235

 

1,140

-

1,140

Cost of sales

2

(121)

-

(121)

 

(109)

-

(109)

Gross profit

 

1,114

-

1,114

 

1,031

-

1,031

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses before depreciation, amortisation and impairment

3

(438)

(88)

(526)

 

(406)

(48)

(454)

Share of loss after tax of associates

 

(2)

-

(2)

 

(4)

-

(4)

Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and impairment

 

674

(88)

586

 

621

(48)

573

Depreciation, amortisation and impairment

 

(99)

(96)

(195)

 

(88)

(86)

(174)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit/(loss)

2

575

(184)

391

 

533

(134)

399

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance income

 

10

-

10

 

7

-

7

Finance expense

 

(32)

(7)

(39)

 

(43)

-

(43)

Net finance expense

5

(22)

(7)

(29)

 

(36)

-

(36)

Profit/(loss) before tax

 

553

(191)

362

 

497

(134)

363

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxation

6

(124)

23

(101)

 

(120)

22

(98)

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

429

(168)

261

 

377

(112)

265

Profit/(loss) attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity holders

 

392

(166)

226

 

350

(104)

246

Non-controlling interests

 

37

(2)

35

 

27

(8)

19

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

429

(168)

261

 

377

(112)

265

Earnings per share attributable to equity holders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

7

 

 

64.6p

 

 

 

70.7p

Diluted earnings per share

7

 

 

63.8p

 

 

 

69.5p

Adjusted basic earnings per share

7

 

 

112.0p

 

 

 

100.6p

Adjusted diluted earnings per share

7

 

 

110.7p

 

 

 

98.9p

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend per share in respect of the financial period

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend per share paid during the period

8

 

 

49.9p

 

 

 

43.2p

Dividend per share declared for the period

8

 

 

23.3p

 

 

 

20.1p

 


Condensed CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT of comprehensive income

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

£m

£m

Profit for the period

 

261

265

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that will not be subsequently reclassified to profit or loss

 

 

 

Defined benefit pension scheme remeasurement gains

 

24

7

Gain on equity instruments at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

1

-

Income tax relating to above items

 

(9)

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

5

 

 

 

 

Items that may be subsequently reclassified to profit or loss

 

 

 

Net losses on net investment hedges

 

(152)

(1)

Debt instruments at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI):

 

 

 

  - Net gains from changes in fair value

 

20

11

  - Gains reclassified to the consolidated income statement on disposal

 

(3)

(4)

Exchange gains/(losses) on translation of foreign operations

 

356

(1)

Income tax relating to above items

 

(3)

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

218

2

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

234

7

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the period

 

495

272

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income attributable to:

 

 

 

Equity holders

 

437

256

Non-controlling interests

 

58

16

Total comprehensive income for the period

 

495

272

 


Condensed CONSOLIDATED balance sheet

 

 

 

30 June 2020

 

31 December 2019

 

 

Unaudited

 

 

 

Notes

£m

 

£m

Assets

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

273

 

288

Intangible assets

9

4,604

 

4,421

Investment in associates

 

28

 

28

Deferred tax assets

 

43

 

49

Investments in financial assets

10

326

 

266

Retirement benefit assets

 

91

 

66

Trade and other receivables

 10

18

 

19

 

 

5,383

 

5,137

Current assets

 

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

 10

593

 

566

Derivative financial instruments

10

8

 

2

Clearing member financial assets

 

819,877

 

729,094

Clearing member cash and cash equivalents

 

85,234

 

67,118

Clearing member assets

10

905,111

 

796,212

Current tax

 

84

 

160

Investments in financial assets

10

64

 

81

Cash and cash equivalents

10

1,641

 

1,493

 

 

907,501

 

798,514

Total assets

 

912,884

 

803,651

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

10

487

 

620

Contract liabilities

 

265

 

157

Derivative financial instruments

10

-

 

1

Clearing member liabilities

10

905,034

 

796,102

Current tax

 

20

 

127

Borrowings

10, 11

474

 

512

Provisions

 

12

 

19

 

 

906,292

 

797,538

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

Borrowings

10, 11

1,663

 

1,573

Derivative financial instruments

10

80

 

39

Contract liabilities

 

89

 

88

Deferred tax liabilities

 

454

 

432

Retirement benefit obligations

 

17

 

17

Other non-current payables

10

143

 

150

Provisions

 

13

 

13

 

 

2,459

 

2,312

Total liabilities

 

908,751

 

799,850

Net assets

 

4,133

 

3,801

Equity

 

 

 

 

Capital and reserves attributable to the Company's equity holders

 

 

 

Ordinary share capital

 

24

 

24

Share premium

 

967

 

967

Retained earnings

 

773

 

668

Other reserves

 

1,981

 

1,796

Total shareholders' funds

 

3,745

 

3,455

Non-controlling interests

 

388

 

346

Total equity

 

4,133

 

3,801

 


Condensed CONSOLIDATED cash flow statement

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

Notes

£m

£m

Cash flow from operating activities

 

 

 

 

Cash generated from operations

 

13

600

485

Interest received

 

 

3

3

Interest paid

 

 

(25)

(32)

Corporation tax paid

 

 

(130)

(54)

Royalties paid

 

 

-

(2)

Net cash inflow from operating activities

 

 

448

400

Cash flow from investing activities

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

 

 

(5)

(15)

Purchase of intangible assets

 

 

(84)

(74)

Proceeds from sale of business 1

 

 

-

1

Acquisition of business 2

 

14

-

(12)

Investment in financial assets classed as FVOCI 3

 

10

-

(246)

Investment in government bonds

 

 

(16)

-

Net cash outflow from investing activities

 

 

(105)

(346)

Cash flow from financing activities

 

 

 

 

Dividends paid to shareholders

 

8

(175)

(151)

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

 

 

(3)

(39)

Purchase of non-controlling interests 4

 

10

-

(9)

Proceeds from exercise of employee share options

 

 

-

3

Purchase of own shares by the employee benefit trust

 

 

(4)

(5)

Principal element of lease payments

 

(21)

(20)

Investment in convertible debt 3

 

 

-

(4)

Proceeds from the issue of commercial paper

 

11, 12

173

-

Repayment of commercial paper

 

12

(274)

-

Additional drawdowns from bank facilities

 

12

170

150

Repayments made towards bank credit facilities

 

12

(129)

(24)

Net cash outflow from financing activities

 

 

(263)

(99)

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

80

(45)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

1,493

1,510

Exchange gains/(losses) on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

68

(15)

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

 

1,641

1,450

 

The Group's net cash inflow from operating activities of £448 million is after deduction of £41 million of expenses related to non-underlying items.

1 There were no disposals of businesses during the period. Proceeds from the disposal of business in the prior period related to deferred consideration received on the disposal of Exactpro Systems Limited and its subsidiaries in 2018.

2 There were no acquisitions during the period. Acquisition of business in the prior period related to Beyond Ratings in May 2019.

3 There were no investments in financial assets classed as FVOCI during the period. Investment in financial assets classed as FVOCI in the prior period included investments of £244 million in Euroclear Holding SA/NV and £2 million in Nivaura Limited. The Group additionally invested £4 million in convertible debt from the latter.

4 There was no purchase of non-controlling interest during the period. Purchase of non-controlling interest in the prior period related to the remaining interest in EuroTLX SIM S.p.A. for £9 million (€10 million) in 2019.

Group cash flow does not include cash and cash equivalents held by the Group's Post Trade operations on behalf of its clearing members for use in its operations as manager of the clearing and guarantee systems.

 


Condensed CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 

 

Attributable to equity holders

 

 

 

Ordinary share capital

Share premium

Retained earnings

Other reserves

Total attributable to equity holders

Non- controlling interests

Total equity

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

31 December 2018 (as previously presented)

24

965

424

1,930

3,343

355

3,698

Impact of the adoption of IFRS 16 1

-

-

(23)

-

(23)

-

(23)

1 January 2019 (restated)

24

965

401

1,930

3,320

355

3,675

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the period

-

-

246

-

246

19

265

Other comprehensive income for the period

-

-

11

(1)

10

(3)

7

Issue of shares

-

2

-

-

2

-

2

Final dividend relating to the year ended 31 December 2018 (Note 8)

-

-

(151)

-

(151)

-

(151)

Dividend payments to non-controlling interests

-

-

-

-

-

(43)

(43)

Employee share scheme expenses

-

-

19

-

19

-

19

Tax in relation to employee share scheme expenses

-

-

6

-

6

-

6

Purchase of non-controlling interests

-

-

2

-

2

(1)

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 June 2019 (Unaudited)

24

967

534

1,929

3,454

327

3,781

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December 2019

24

967

668

1,796

3,455

346

3,801

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the period

-

-

226

-

226

35

261

Other comprehensive income for the period

-

-

26

185

211

23

234

Final dividend relating for the year ended 31 December 2019 (Note 8)

-

-

(175)

-

(175)

-

(175)

Dividend payments to non-controlling interests

-

-

-

-

-

(16)

(16)

Employee share scheme expenses

-

-

21

-

21

-

21

Tax in relation to employee share scheme expenses

-

-

7

-

7

-

7

30 June 2020 (Unaudited)

24

967

773

1,981

3,745

388

4,133

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1After issuing the Group's Interim Report on 1 August 2019, the Group reassessed the impact of adopting IFRS 16 'Leases' and recognised an additional £7 million adjustment to equity.

 

 

NOTES TO THE interim condensed consolidated financial statements

 

The Interim Report for the London Stock Exchange Group plc (the 'Group' or the 'Company') for the six months ended 30 June 2020 was approved by the Directors on 31 July 2020.

 

1.   Basis of preparation and accounting policies

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements of London Stock Exchange Group plc and its subsidiaries (collectively, the 'Group') for the six months ended 30 June 2020 have been prepared in accordance with the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority and with International Accounting Standard 34 (IAS 34), 'Interim Financial Reporting' as adopted by the European Union (EU).

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all the information and disclosures required in the annual financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the Group's annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2019.

 

Comparative amounts presented for the condensed consolidated balance sheet relate to the Group's position as at 31 December 2019. All other comparative amounts presented relate to the six months ended 30 June 2019.

 

All notes to the financial statements include amounts for continuing operations, unless otherwise stated.

 

The Company is a public company, incorporated and domiciled in England and Wales. The address of its registered office is 10 Paternoster Square, London, EC4M 7LS.

 

The principal accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these interim condensed consolidated financial statements are consistent with those followed in the preparation of the Group's annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2019, except for the adoption of amended standards effective as of 1 January 2020. None of the amendments adopted on 1 January 2020 have had a material impact on the interim condensed consolidated financial statements of the Group.

 

The Group has not early adopted any other standards, amendments or interpretations that have been issued but are not yet effective.

 

The preparation of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported income and expense, assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingencies at the date of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements. Although these estimates and assumptions are based on management's best judgement at the date of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements, actual results may differ from these estimates. A further assessment has been included in relation to the impact of COVID-19 below.

 

The statutory financial statements of London Stock Exchange Group plc for the year ended 31 December 2019, which carried an unqualified audit report, have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies and did not contain a statement under section 498 of the Companies Act 2006.

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited but have been reviewed by the auditors and their review opinion is in included in this report. 

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not constitute statutory financial statements within the meaning of section 434 of the Companies Act 2006.

 

The Group has realigned its segmental reporting to reflect management structure changes so that all Post Trade Services are now combined in one operating segment. The new operating segment includes the previous segments of LCH Group and the Post Trade businesses in Italy, Monte Titoli and CC&G, as well as the results of UnaVista, which were previously included in the Information Services Division. There has been no impact on the allocation of goodwill and the cash generating units of LCH Group and Post Trade Services in Italy remain separate. The segmental results for the comparative period have been re-presented to align with the new structure. There is no change to the overall result.

 

COVID-19

 

The ongoing impact of COVID-19 on the Group has been considered in the preparation of these interim condensed financial statements. The Directors have reviewed liquidity and covenant forecasts, regulatory capital, and critical accounting estimates and judgements for the Group. The Directors have also considered sensitivities including any potential impairments as a result of changes in cash flow forecasts. At the reporting date, no material short-term impacts have crystallised and the Group remains confident about its long-term future performance but remains vigilant in monitoring day to day changes as the global situation evolves. Staff and customer safety remain the paramount concerns of the Group and the Group has adapted successfully to the new ways of working.

 

Judgements and estimates are regularly evaluated based on historical experience, current circumstances and expectations of future events. A number of areas have been impacted by COVID-19 when exercising judgements and estimates and these have been identified below:

 

Impairment of intangible assets and goodwill - these assets form a significant part of the balance sheet and are key assets for the cash generating business in the Group. The recoverable amounts of relevant cash generating units are based on value in use calculations using management's best estimate of future performance and estimates of the return required by investors to determine an appropriate discount rate. The Group has reviewed the impact of COVID-19 on future cash flows along with the impact on the weighted average cost of capital applied to each cash generating unit and long-term growth rates.  The analysis has focused on geographical impacts to each of the flows and rates.  Following this review there was no direct impact to any cash generating units for COVID-19. 

 

Defined benefit pension asset or liability - determined based on the present value of future pension obligations using assumptions determined by the Group with advice from an independent qualified actuary. The value of the liabilities within the scheme have increased as the discount rates have fallen due to the global impact of COVID-19 on bond rates, but this has been offset by the growth in the assets leading to an overall growth in the Group's pension surplus.

 

Expected credit losses - the Group has factored into impairment reviews of financial assets the expectations of future events including COVID-19. The measured lifetime expected credit losses associated with these assets have not been materially impacted. The Group continues to monitor events and review whether additional provisions will be required in future periods.

 

Contingent liabilities and provisions - The Group has reviewed its businesses for any contingent liabilities and provisions that may have arisen due to COVID-19.  While no items have been identified, the Group continues to actively monitor the business for any potential exposure.

 

Going concern

 

After making enquiries and assessing the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact so far, the directors have a reasonable expectation that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. For this reason, they continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the interim condensed consolidated financial statements. The financial risk management objectives and policies of the Group and the exposure of the Group to capital, credit and concentration, country, liquidity and market risk are discussed on pages 158 to 163 of the Annual report for the Group for the year ended 31 December 2019.

 

2. Segmental information

Segmental disclosures for the six months ended 30 June 2020 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Information

Services

 

Post Trade Services

Capital

Markets

Technology

Services

Other

Eliminations

Group

Unaudited

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Revenue from external customers

437

372

217

30

2

-

1,058

Inter-segmental revenue

-

-

-

11

-

(11)

-

Revenue

437

372

217

41

2

(11)

1,058

Net treasury income from CCP clearing business

-

176

-

-

-

-

176

Other income

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

Total income

437

548

217

41

3

(11)

1,235

Cost of sales

(36)

(80)

(2)

(3)

-

-

(121)

Gross profit

401

468

215

38

3

(11)

1,114

Share of loss after tax of associates

-

-

-

-

(2)

-

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and impairment

253

308

120

(2)

(4)

(1)

674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying depreciation, amortisation and impairment

(28)

(46)

(16)

(6)

(6)

3

(99)

Operating profit/(loss) before non-underlying items

225

262

104

(8)

(10)

2

575

Amortisation and impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

(96)

Other non-underlying items

 

 

 

 

 

 

(88)

Operating profit

 

 

 

 

 

 

391

Net finance expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

(29)

Profit before tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

362

 

Net treasury income from the CCP businesses of £176 million comprises gross interest income of £478 million less gross interest expense of £302 million.

 

The Group's revenue from contracts with customers disaggregated by segment, major product and service line, and timing of revenue recognition for the six months ended 30 June 2020 is shown below:

 

Information

Services

 

 

Post Trade Services

Capital

Markets

Technology

Services

Other

Group

Unaudited

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Revenue from external customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major product & service lines

 

 

 

 

 

 

FTSE Russell Indexes - subscription

218

-

-

-

-

218

FTSE Russell Indexes - asset based

112

-

-

-

-

112

Real time data

52

-

-

-

-

52

Other information services

55

-

-

-

-

55

Clearing

-

315

-

-

-

315

Settlement, custody and other

-

31

-

-

-

31

UnaVista

-

26

-

-

-

26

Primary capital markets

-

-

65

-

-

65

Secondary capital markets - equities

-

-

91

-

-

91

Secondary capital markets - fixed income, derivatives and other

-

-

61

-

-

61

Capital markets software licences

-

-

-

30

-

30

Other

-

-

-

-

2

2

Total revenue from contracts with customers

437

372

217

30

2

1,058

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timing of revenue recognition

 

 

 

 

 

 

Services satisfied at a point in time

3

357

144

1

-

505

Services satisfied over time

434

15

73

29

2

553

Total revenue from contracts with customers

437

372

217

30

2

1,058

Re-presented segmental disclosures for the six months ended 30 June 2019 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Information

Services

Post Trade Services

Capital

Markets

Technology

Services

Other

Eliminations

Group

 

Unaudited

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

Revenue from external customers

416

342

226

30

4

-

1,018

 

Inter-segmental revenue

-

-

-

10

-

(10)

-

 

Revenue

416

342

226

40

4

(10)

1,018

 

Net treasury income from CCP clearing business

-

120

-

-

-

-

120

 

Other income

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

 

Total income

416

462

226

40

6

(10)

1,140

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

(36)

(65)

(3)

(4)

(1)

-

(109)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

380

397

223

36

5

(10)

1,031

 

Share of loss after tax of associates

-

-

-

-

(4)

-

(4)

 

Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and impairment

240

241

134

9

-

(3)

621

 

Underlying depreciation, amortisation and impairment

(21)

(37)

(15)

(13)

(4)

2

(88)

 

Operating profit/(loss) before non-underlying items

219

204

119

(4)

(4)

(1)

533

 

Amortisation and impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

(86)

 

Other non-underlying items

 

 

 

 

 

 

(48)

 

Operating profit

 

 

 

 

 

 

399

 

Net finance expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

(36)

 

Profit before tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

363

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segmental results for the prior period have been re-presented showing the new segments (note 1). The total result is unaffected.

 

                             

 

Net treasury income from the CCP businesses of £120 million comprises gross interest income of £655 million less gross interest expense of £535 million.

 

The Group's revenue from contracts with customers disaggregated by segment, major product and service line, and timing of revenue recognition for the six months ended 30 June 2019 is shown below:

 

Information

Services

 

 

Post Trade Services

Capital

Markets

Technology

Services

Other

Group

Unaudited

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Revenue from external customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major product & service lines

 

 

 

 

 

 

FTSE Russell Indexes - subscription

203

-

-

-

-

203

FTSE Russell Indexes - asset based

112

-

-

-

-

112

Real time data

48

-

-

-

-

48

Other information services

53

-

-

-

-

53

Clearing

-

288

-

-

-

288

Settlement, custody and other

-

29

-

-

-

29

UnaVista

-

25

-

-

-

25

Primary capital markets

-

-

90

-

-

90

Secondary capital markets - equities

-

-

74

-

-

74

Secondary capital markets - fixed income, derivatives and other

-

-

62

-

-

62

Capital markets software licences

-

-

-

30

-

30

Other

-

-

-

-

4

4

Total revenue from contracts with customers

416

342

226

30

4

1,018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timing of revenue recognition

 

 

 

 

 

 

Services satisfied at a point in time

4

327

156

1

4

492

Services satisfied over time

412

15

70

29

-

526

Total revenue from contracts with customers

416

342

226

30

4

1,018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The revenue information has been re-presented to reflect the changes in segment reporting in 2020 (note 1). There is no change to the overall Group result.

 

The Group's revenue from contracts with customers disaggregated by geographical location is shown below:

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

£m

 

UK

 

 

 

 

583

584

 

Italy

 

 

 

 

173

160

 

France

 

 

 

 

80

68

 

USA

 

 

 

 

202

185

 

Other

 

 

 

 

20

21

 

Total

 

 

 

 

1,058

1,018

 

3. Expenses by nature

 

 

 

 

Expenses comprise the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

 

£m

£m

Employee costs

 

 

279

270

Short-term lease costs

 

 

-

1

IT costs

 

 

73

68

Lease costs for low value items

 

 

1

1

Foreign exchange losses/(gains)

 

 

5

(2)

Other costs

 

 

80

68

Underlying operating expenses before depreciation, amortisation and impairment

 

 

438

406

 

 

 

 

 

Non-underlying operating expenses before amortisation and impairment

 

 

88

48

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses before depreciation, amortisation and impairment

 

 

526

454

 

 

 

 

 

                       

 

4. Non-underlying items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation and impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets

 

 

96

86

Transaction costs

 

 

86

22

Restructuring costs

 

 

2

24

Integration costs

 

 

-

2

Total affecting operating profit

 

 

184

134

Finance expense

 

 

7

-

Total affecting profit before tax

 

 

191

134

 

 

 

 

 

Tax effect on items affecting profit before tax

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax on amortisation of purchased intangible assets

 

 

(11)

(13)

Current tax on amortisation of purchased intangible assets

 

 

(3)

(6)

Tax effect on other items affecting profit before tax

 

 

(9)

(3)

Total tax effect on items affecting profit before tax

 

 

(23)

(22)

 

 

 

 

 

Total non-underlying charge to income statement

 

 

168

112

 

Transaction costs comprise charges incurred for services relating to anticipated merger and acquisition transactions.

 

Restructuring costs comprise amounts arising from the cost savings programme in 2019.

 

During the period the Group incurred a £86 million amortisation charge in relation to purchased intangible assets, which includes £10 million accelerated amortisation in relation to Mergent, and the Group impaired goodwill of £10 million in relation to Mergent (note 9).

 

5. Net finance expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

 

£m

£m

Finance income

 

 

 

 

Bank deposit and other interest income

 

 

2

5

Expected return on defined benefit pension scheme assets

 

 

1

1

Other finance income

 

 

7

1

Underlying finance income

 

 

10

7

 

 

 

 

 

Finance expense

 

 

 

 

Interest payable on bank and other borrowings

 

 

(28)

(38)

Lease interest expense

 

 

(2)

(2)

Other finance expenses

 

 

(2)

(3)

Underlying finance expense

 

 

(32)

(43)

 

 

 

 

 

Non-underlying finance expense (note 4)

 

 

(7)

-

 

 

 

 

 

Net finance expense

 

 

(29)

(36)

 

 

 

 

 

Bank deposit and other interest income includes negative interest earned on the Group's borrowings. Interest payable includes amounts where the Group earns negative interest on its cash deposits.

 

6. Taxation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

Taxation charged to the income statement

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

Current tax:

 

 

 

 

UK corporation tax for the period

 

 

39

53

Overseas tax for the period

 

 

73

57

Adjustments in respect of previous years

 

 

-

(2)

 

 

 

112

108

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax:

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax for the period

 

 

1

3

Adjustments in respect of previous years

 

 

(1)

-

Deferred tax liability on amortisation of purchased intangible assets

 

 

(11)

(13)

 

 

 

(11)

(10)

 

 

 

 

 

Taxation charge

 

 

101

98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

Taxation on items not recognised in the income statement

 

 

£m

£m

 

Current tax credit:

 

 

 

 

 

Tax allowance on share options/awards in excess of expense recognised

 

 

(12)

(5)

 

 

 

 

(12)

(5)

 

Deferred tax expense/(credit):

 

 

 

 

 

Tax allowance on defined benefit pension scheme remeasurements

 

 

9

2

 

Tax allowance on share options/awards in excess of expense recognised

 

 

5

(1)

 

Tax on movement in value of investments in financial assets

 

 

3

3

 

 

 

 

17

4

 

 

 

 

5

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Factors affecting the tax charge for the period

 

 

 

 

 

The income statement tax charge for the period differs from the standard rate of corporation tax in the UK of 19% (30 June 2019: 19%) as explained below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before taxation

 

 

362

363

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit multiplied by standard rate of corporation tax in the UK

 

69

69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses not deductible

 

 

7

12

 

Overseas earnings taxed at higher rate

 

 

29

16

 

Adjustments in respect of previous years

 

 

(1)

(2)

 

Deferred tax assets (recognised) / no longer recognised

 

 

(3)

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxation charge

 

 

101

98

 

The tax rate applied as at 30 June 2020 is the expected rate for the full financial year.

 

                   

 

On 22 July 2020, Finance Act 2020 received Royal Assent enacting the UK corporation tax rate would remain at 19% from 1 April 2020 onward instead of reducing to 17%, the previously enacted rate. This has impacted the valuation of UK deferred tax balances giving rise to an increase in deferred tax assets of £2 million.

EU State Aid

The Group continues to monitor developments in relation to EU State Aid investigations. On 25 April 2019, the EU Commission's final decision regarding its investigation into the UK's Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) regime was published. It concludes that the UK legislation up to December 2018 does partially represent illegal State Aid.

Both the Group, among a number of other UK PLC's, and the UK Government have submitted appeals to the EU General Court to annul the EU Commission's findings.

The UK Government is required to continue the process of recovering the State Aid whilst the decision is under appeal. HMRC issued its first round of determinations in December 2019, focusing on the financial year 2015 due to the expiry of statutory time limits.  One of these determinations was issued to the Group and required one of its two affected subsidiaries to pay over £1.2 million to HMRC. At the same time the Group appealed to HMRC against the determination. As at 30 June 2020, no further determinations have been received.

The appeal against the determination to HMRC is likely to be stayed until the final outcome of all appeals to the EU Courts in respect of the EU Commission's original decision are known.

In light of appeals made by UK PLC's (including the Group), the UK Government's own appeal, and in consideration of management's own internal view, the Group does not believe that any provision is required in relation to the investigation. Additionally, and in accordance with the provisions of IFRIC 23, the Group has continued to recognise a receivable against the HMRC determination paid in January 2020. 

As previously disclosed, the Group has made claims under the CFC regime and considers that the maximum potential amount of additional tax payable excluding compound interest remains between nil and £65 million depending on the basis of calculation.

7. Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share attributable to equity holders of the parent company of the Group, London Stock Exchange Group plc (the 'Company') is presented on four bases: basic earnings per share; diluted earnings per share; adjusted basic earnings per share; and adjusted diluted earnings per share. Basic earnings per share is in respect of all activities and diluted earnings per share takes into account the dilution effects which would arise on conversion or vesting of share options and share awards under the Group share option and award schemes. Adjusted basic earnings per share and adjusted diluted earnings per share exclude amortisation and impairment of purchased intangible assets, goodwill and non-underlying items and to enable a better comparison of the underlying earnings of the business with prior periods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

 

Unaudited

 

Unaudited

 

Basic earnings per share

64.6p

 

70.7p

 

Diluted earnings per share

63.8p

 

69.5p

 

Adjusted basic earnings per share

112.0p

 

100.6p

 

Adjusted diluted earnings per share

110.7p

 

98.9p

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit and adjusted profit for the financial period attributable to the Company's equity holders

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

 

Unaudited

 

Unaudited

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

Profit for the financial period attributable to the Company's equity holders

226

 

246

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Non-underlying items (Note 4)

168

 

112

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-underlying items and taxation attributable to non-controlling interests

(2)

 

(8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted profit for the financial period attributable to the Company's equity holders

392

 

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares - million

350

 

348

 

Effect of dilutive share options and awards - million

4

 

6

 

Diluted weighted average number of shares - million

354

 

354

 

 

 

 

 

 

The weighted average number of shares excludes those held in the employee benefit trust. The Group holds no treasury shares at the reporting date. 

 

In the prior period, the weighted average number of shares excluded those held in the employee benefit trust and treasury shares held by the Group.

 

 

 

8. Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

£m

£m

Final dividend for 31 December 2018 paid 29 May 2019: 43.2p per Ordinary share

 

-

151

Final dividend for 31 December 2019 paid 27 May 2020: 49.9p per Ordinary share

 

175

-

 

 

175

151

 

 

 

 

               

Dividends are only paid out of available distributable reserves.

The Board has proposed an interim dividend in respect of the six-month period ended 30 June 2020 of 23.3p per share, amounting to an estimated £82 million, to be paid in September 2020.  This is not reflected in these interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

9.  Intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchased intangible assets

 

 

 

Goodwill

Customer and supplier relationships

Brands

Software, licenses and intellectual property

Software, contract costs and other

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 January 2020

2,357

1,826

980

568

1,023

6,754

Additions

 -

 -

 -

-

95

95

Disposals

 -

 -

 -

 -

(10)

(10)

Foreign exchange

146

100

49

19

56

370

30 June 2020 (Unaudited)

2,503

1,926

1,029

587

1,164

7,209

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated amortisation and impairment:

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 January 2020

515

752

232

318

516

2,333

Impairment

10

-

-

-

-

10

Amortisation charge for the period

-

55

20

11

65

151

Disposals

-

 -

-

 -

(10)

(10)

Foreign exchange

28

40

10

9

34

121

30 June 2020 (Unaudited)

553

847

262

338

605

2,605

Net book values:

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 June 2020 (Unaudited)

1,950

1,079

767

249

559

4,604

31 December 2019

1,842

1,074

748

250

507

4,421

 

Goodwill and purchased intangible assets

 

During the period, the fair value of the goodwill and purchased intangibles relating to the acquisition of Beyond Ratings were finalised, and considered no adjustment required to the goodwill recognised (note 14).

 

During the period an impairment of £10 million of goodwill has been recognised in relation to Mergent due to lower forecast cash flows driven by continued pressures on revenue.

 

The value in use of the Mergent CGU is equal to its carrying value.  The impact of reasonable changes in the assumptions on Mergent's value in use is set out below:

 

 

 

Impact on value in use of:

 

 

5% reduction in revenues

5% increase in costs

0.5% reduction in long-term growth rate

0.5% increase in pre-tax discount rate

Cash generating unit

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

Mergent

 

(21)

(20)

(7)

(7)

 

 

Following a reassessment of useful economic lives £10 million accelerated amortisation has been recognised in Customer and Supplier relationships in relation to Mergent, resulting in a carrying value of £6 million as at 30 June 2020.

 

Software, contract costs and other

 

During the period, additions included £83 million in relation to internally generated software (30 June 2019: £92 million).

 

During the period, the Group capitalised £2 million (30 June 2019: £3 million) of incremental contract costs in respect of revenue generating contracts with customers and recognised a £3 million (30 June 2019: £3 million) amortisation charge relating to contract cost assets.  No impairment was recognised in period in relation to contract cost assets.

 

10. Financial assets and financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Financial instruments by category

 

 

 

 

The financial instruments of the Group at 30 June 2020 are categorised as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Financial assets

 

 

 

 

30 June 2020

Amortised cost

Fair value through other comprehensive income

Fair value through profit or loss

Total

Unaudited

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member business assets

 

 

 

 

- Clearing member trading assets

130,612

-

654,731

785,343

- Other receivables from clearing members

2,677

-

-

2,677

- Other financial assets

-

31,857

-

31,857

- Clearing member cash and cash equivalents

85,234

-

-

85,234

Clearing member business assets

218,523

31,857

654,731

905,111

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

530

-

5

535

Cash and cash equivalents

1,641

-

-

1,641

Investments in financial assets - debt instruments

-

131

-

131

Investments in financial assets - equity instruments

-

259

-

259

Derivative financial instruments

-

-

8

8

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial assets

220,694

32,247

654,744

907,685

 

There were no transfers between categories during the period.

 

Prepayments and contract assets within trade and other receivables are excluded as they are not financial instruments.

 

Financial assets measured at fair value

 

30 June 2020

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

Significant observable inputs

(Level 2)

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

Total

fair value

Unaudited

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member business assets

 

 

 

 

- Derivative instruments

5,620

195,090

-

200,710

- Non-derivative instruments

18

454,003

-

454,021

- Other financial assets

31,857

-

-

31,857

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of clearing member business assets

37,495

649,093

-

686,588

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in financial assets - debt instruments

131

-

-

131

Investments in financial assets - equity instruments

-

-

259

259

Trade and other receivables - convertible loan notes

-

-

5

5

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedges

 

 

 

 

 - Foreign exchange forward contracts

-

8

-

8

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial assets at fair value

37,626

649,101

264

686,991

 

 

 

 

 

Movements in Level 3 investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 January 2020

 

 

246

 

Revaluation of investment recognised in other comprehensive income

 

 

1

 

Effect of foreign exchange

 

 

17

 

30 June 2020

 

 

264

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

30 June 2020

 

Amortised cost

Fair value through profit or loss

Total

Unaudited

 

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member business liabilities:

 

 

 

 

- Clearing member trading liabilities

 

130,612

654,731

785,343

- Other payables to clearing members

 

119,691

-

119,691

 

250,303

654,731

905,034

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

607

-

607

Borrowings

 

2,137

-

2,137

Derivative financial instruments

 

-

80

80

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial liabilities

 

253,047

654,811

907,858

 

 

 

 

 

There were no transfers between categories during the period.

Social security and other taxes within trade and other payables are excluded as they are not financial instruments.


 

Financial liabilities measured at fair value

 

 

 

 

30 June 2020

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

Significant observable inputs

(Level 2)

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

Total

fair value

Unaudited

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member trading business liabilities

 

 

 

 

- Derivative instruments

5,620

195,090

-

200,710

- Non-derivative instruments

18

454,003

-

454,021

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of clearing member business liabilities

5,638

649,093

-

654,731

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedges

 

 

 

 

Cross-currency interest rate swaps

-

80

-

80

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial liabilities at fair value

5,638

649,173

-

654,811

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The financial instruments of the Group at 31 December 2019 were categorised as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

31 December 2019

Amortised cost

Fair value through other comprehensive income

Fair value through profit or loss

Total

 

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member business assets:

 

 

 

 

 

- Clearing member trading assets

122,299

-

574,889

697,188

 

- Other receivables from clearing members

8,330

-

-

8,330

 

- Other financial assets

-

23,576

-

23,576

 

- Clearing member cash and cash equivalents

67,118

-

-

67,118

 

Clearing member business assets

197,747

23,576

574,889

796,212

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

521

-

5

526

 

Cash and cash equivalents

1,493

-

-

1,493

 

Investments in financial assets - debt instruments

-

106

-

106

 

Investments in financial assets - equity instruments

-

241

-

241

 

Derivative financial instruments

-

-

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial assets

199,761

23,923

574,896

798,580

 

 

 

There were no transfers between categories during the period.

 

 

Prepayments and contract assets within trade and other receivables are excluded as they are not financial instruments.

 

                   

 

Financial assets measured at fair value

 

 

 

 

31 December 2019

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

Significant observable inputs

(Level 2)

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

Total

fair value

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member business assets

 

 

 

 

- Derivative instruments

11,492

3,061

-

14,553

- Non-derivative instruments

3

560,333

-

560,336

- Other financial assets

23,576

-

-

23,576

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of clearing member business assets

35,071

563,394

-

598,465

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in financial assets - debt instruments

106

-

-

106

Investments in financial assets - equity instruments

-

-

241

241

Trade and other receivables - convertible loan notes

-

-

5

5

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedges

 

 

 

 

 - Foreign exchange forward contracts

-

2

-

2

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial assets at fair value

35,177

563,396

246

598,819

Financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December 2019

 

 

Amortised cost

Fair value through profit or loss

Total

 

 

 

 

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member financial liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Clearing member trading liabilities

 

 

122,299

574,889

697,188

 

- Other payables to clearing members

 

 

98,914

-

98,914

 

Clearing member financial liabilities

 

 

221,213

574,889

796,102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

 

747

-

747

 

Borrowings

 

 

2,085

-

2,085

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

 

-

40

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial liabilities

 

 

224,045

574,929

798,974

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There were no transfers between categories during the prior period.

 

Social security and other taxes within trade and other payables are excluded as they are not financial instruments.

 

                   


 

Financial liabilities measured at fair value

 

 

 

 

31 December 2019

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

Significant observable inputs

(Level 2)

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

Total

fair value

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

Clearing member business liabilities

 

 

 

 

- Derivative instruments

11,492

3,061

-

14,553

- Non-derivative instruments

3

560,333

-

560,336

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of clearing member business liabilities

11,495

563,394

-

574,889

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedges

 

 

 

 

- Cross-currency interest rate swaps

-

39

-

39

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedges

 

 

 

 

- Foreign exchange forward contracts

-

1

-

1

 

 

 

 

 

Total financial liabilities at fair value

11,495

563,434

-

574,929

 

The Group uses the following hierarchy for determining and disclosing the fair value of financial instruments by valuation technique:
- Level 1: quoted (unadjusted) prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
- Level 2: other techniques for which all inputs, which have a significant effect on the recorded fair value are observable, either directly or indirectly; and

- Level 3: techniques which use inputs which have a significant effect on the recorded fair value that are not based on observable market data.

 

For assets and liabilities classified as Level 1, the fair value is based on market price quotations at the reporting date.

 

For assets and liabilities classified as Level 2, the fair value is calculated using one or more valuation techniques (e.g. the market approach or the income approach) with market observable inputs. The selection of the appropriate valuation techniques may be affected by the availability of the relevant inputs as well as the reliability of the inputs. The inputs may include currency rates, interest rate and forward rate curves and net asset values.

 

When observable market data is not available, the Group uses one or more valuation techniques (e.g. the market approach or the income approach) for which sufficient and reliable data is available. Inputs used in estimating the fair value of Level 3 financial instruments include expected timing and level of future cash flows, timing of settlement, discount rates and net asset values of certain investments.

 

There have been no transfers between levels during the current period. In 2019, the investment in Euroclear was transferred from Level 2 to Level 3; there were no other transfers.

 

The Group determines whether a transfer between levels has occurred by reviewing the categorisation of assets and liabilities at the end of each reporting period, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the valuation.

 

With the exception of Group borrowings, management has assessed that the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities recognised at amortised cost approximates to their carrying values. The fair value of the Group's borrowings is disclosed in Note 11.

 

The nature and composition of the CCP clearing business assets and liabilities are explained in the accounting policies note in the Group's annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2019.

 

As at 30 June 2020, there were no provisions for impairment in relation to any of the CCP financial assets (31 December 2019: nil) and none of those assets are past due (31 December 2019: nil).

 

Investment in equity instruments

 

Investments in equity instruments are recognised at fair value through other comprehensive income, given the intended long-term nature of these investments. The convertible loan notes with Nivaura are treated as fair value through profit or loss as they contain a derivative option. The equity investment in Euroclear was recognised as a Level 2 investment on acquisition but reassessed as Level 3 as at 31 December 2019. The investments in Nivaura are both classified as Level 3.

 

In the absence of any relevant third-party data on the fair value of Euroclear or Nivaura, the Group undertakes its own internal valuations. The Group regularly reviews the financial information of its investments which is available publicly or received as a shareholder.

 

The value of the investments is calculated primarily using a discounted cash flow forecast using a terminal growth rate of 2%. A risk adjusted discount rate of 9% was used for Euroclear and 30% for Nivaura. These valuations may then be benchmarked against other available models, such as the dividend discount model, regression analysis, and trading multiples.

 

As at 30 June 2020, the Group estimates the fair value of its investment in Euroclear to be €280 million (£256 million) and in Nivaura to be £3 million in equity and £5 million in the convertible loan notes. Movements in the value of the investments in the period are shown above.

 

The fair value shown in the Group's results for Euroclear also includes the effects of the retranslation of the euro investment into sterling.

 

Hedging activities and derivatives

 

As at 30 June 2020, non-current derivative financial liabilities of £80 million (31 December 2019: £39 million) represent the fair value of €700 million cross-currency interest rate swaps designated as hedges.

 

For the period ended 30 June 2020, the Group recognised a net £111 million revaluation loss on euro and USD dollar borrowings (30 June 2019: £10 million gain) and a £41 million loss on the €700 million of cross-currency interest rate swaps (30 June 2019: £3 million loss) in reserves. No amounts have been reclassified to the income statement during the period (30 June 2019: £nil).

 

Foreign exchange forward contracts were arranged during the period to hedge euro and US dollar denominated exposures. The fair value of foreign exchange forward contracts at 30 June 2020 was £8 million of assets (31 December 2019: £2 million of assets and £1 million of liabilities). These derivatives are not designated as hedging instruments.

 

11.  Borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 June

31 December

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

£m

£m

Current

 

 

 

 

Bank borrowings

 

 

301

256

Commercial paper

 

 

173

256

 

 

 

474

512

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current

 

 

 

 

Bonds

 

 

1,663

1,573

 

 

 

1,663

1,573

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

2,137

2,085

 

The Group has the following committed bank facilities and unsecured notes:

 

 

 

 

 

Notes/Facility

Carrying value at

Interest rate percentage at

Unaudited

 

 

30 June 2020

30 June 2020

Type

Expiry Date

£m

£m

%

Committed bank facilities

 

 

 

 

Dual-currency bridge credit facility 1

Jan 2022

10,853

(8)

LIBOR + 0.3

Multi-currency revolving credit facility

Nov 2022

600

167

LIBOR + 0.45

Multi-currency revolving credit facility

Dec 2024

600

142

LIBOR + 0.3

Total drawn bank facilities

 

 

301

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

Jul 2020

173

173

(0.3)2

 

 

 

 

 

Unsecured notes

 

 

 

 

£300 million bond issued November 2012

Nov 2021

300

299

4.75

€500 million bond issued September 2017

Sep 2024

457

456

0.875

€500 million bond issued December 2018

Dec 2027

457

454

1.75

€500 million bond issue September 2017

Sep 2029

457

454

1.75

Total unsecured notes

 

 

1,663

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total borrowings

 

 

2,137

 

1 Terminates at the earlier of 12 months after the acquisition of Refinitiv or the end of January 2022

2 The Commercial paper interest rate reflected is the average interest rate achieved on outstanding issuances.

 

The fair value of the Group's borrowings at 30 June 2020 was £2,249 million (31 December 2019: £2,188 million). 

 

There have been no significant changes in the Group's non-current borrowing arrangements in the period.

 

Notes outstanding under the Group's Commercial Paper Programme at 31 December 2019 were completely repaid in April 2020. Notes to the value of €189 million (£173 million) were reissued in June 2020.

 

12. Analysis of net debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 June

31 December

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

£m

£m

Due within one year

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

1,641

1,493

Bank borrowings

 

 

(301)

(256)

Commercial paper

 

 

(173)

(256)

Derivative financial assets

 

 

8

2

 

 

-

(1)

 

 

 

1,175

982

Due after one year

 

 

 

 

Bonds

 

 

(1,663)

(1,573)

 

 

(80)

(39)

Total net debt

 

 

(568)

(630)

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of net cash flow to movement in net debt

 

 

 

30 June

31 December

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

£m

£m

Increase in cash in the period/year

 

 

80

57

Proceeds from the issue of commercial paper

 

 

(173)

-

Repayment of commercial paper

 

 

274

-

Additional drawdowns from bank credit facilities

 

 

(170)

(261)

Repayments made towards bank credit facilities

 

 

129

35

Repayment of bonds

 

 

-

250

Change in net debt resulting from cash flows

 

 

140

81

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange

 

 

(43)

14

Movement on derivative financial assets and liabilities

 

 

(34)

9

Bond valuation adjustment

 

 

(1)

(2)

Movement in bank credit facility arrangement fees

 

 

 -

8

 

 

(630)

(740)

Net debt at the end of the period/year

 

 

(568)

(630)

 

 

 

 

 

13. Net cash flow generated from operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

 

 

 

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

 

Unaudited

Unaudited

 

 

 

Notes

£m

£m

 

Profit before tax

 

 

362

363

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustments for depreciation, amortisation and impairment of fixed assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortisation

 

 

185

164

 

Impairment of intangible assets

 

 

-

9

 

Impairment of purchased intangibles and goodwill

 

9

10

-

 

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

 

 

-

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustments for other non-cash items:

 

 

 

 

 

Profit on disposal of fixed assets

 

 

-

(1)

 

Share of loss of associates

 

 

2

4

 

Net finance expense

 

5

29

36

 

Royalties

 

 

-

1

 

Share scheme expense

 

 

26

19

 

Movement in pensions and provisions

 

 

(7)

18

 

Net foreign exchange differences

 

 

34

(13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Movements in working capital:

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in trade and other receivables

 

 

(8)

(77)

 

Decrease in trade and other payables

 

 

(100)

(80)

 

Movements in other assets and liabilities related to operations:

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in clearing member financial assets

 

 

(52,135)

(97,650)

 

Increase in clearing member financial liabilities

 

 

52,208

97,704

 

Movement in derivative assets and liabilities

 

 

(6)

(13)

 

Cash generated from operations

 

 

600

485

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

               

14.   Business combinations

 

Acquisitions in the period to 30 June 2020

 

There were no acquisitions during the period.

 

Acquisition in the period to 30 June 2019

 

The Group made one acquisition in the period ended 30 June 2019.

 

On 31 May 2019, the Group acquired Beyond Ratings for £14 million cash consideration. At 30 June 2019, £12 million had been paid with a further £2 million paid in the second half of the year.

 

The Group has completed its fair value review of the business acquired and considers that the fair value of the assets acquired was immaterial and has therefore concluded that the total value of the consideration should be regarded as goodwill. The business is highly complementary to the Group's existing business and there is expected to be future cash flow growth from the combined business.

 

15.   Commitments and contingencies

 

The Group has commitments of £18 million for professional fees relating to the proposed merger with Refinitiv. The amounts are payable on the successful completion of the merger (31 December 2019: nil).

 

If merger clearances are not obtained or there is material delay in reaching agreement on remedies to facilitate the Refinitiv Transaction, LSEG will pay a termination fee of £198 million to the Refinitiv Shareholders.

 

In the normal course of business, the Group receives legal claims in respect of commercial, employment and other matters. Where a claim is more likely than not to result in an economic outflow of benefits from the Group, a provision is made representing the expected cost of settling such claims.

 

16.   Events after the reporting period

 

The European Commission commenced a Phase II merger review in June of the proposed acquisition of Refinitiv, a leading global provider of data, analytics and financial markets solutions.  As part of this process, the Group has commenced exploratory discussions which may result in a sale of LSEG's interest in MTS or potentially the Borsa Italiana group as a whole.  The Group expects to complete the transaction by the end of the year or in early 2021.

 

Principal Risks

 

The management of risk is fundamental to the Group's day-to-day operations and the successful execution of its Strategic Plan.

 

LSEG's Enterprise-wide Risk Management Framework (ERMF) is designed to allow management and the Board to identify, assess and manage LSEG's risks and to ensure better decision taking in the execution of its strategy. It also enables the Board and executive management to maintain and attest to the effectiveness of the systems of internal control and to manage principal risks as set out in the UK Corporate Governance Code. Additional details can be found in our risk management oversight supplement. Please visit: www.lseg.com/about-london-stock-exchange-group/risk-management-oversight for the year ended 31 December 2019.

 

There have been some changes to the principal risks and uncertainties set out on pages 60-73 of the Group's Annual Report for the year ended 31 December 2019 as a result of COVID-19. A summary of the principal risks and uncertainties which may affect the Group in the second half of the financial year, including those relating to COVID-19, are as described below:

 

Strategic Risks

 

Global Economy

As a diversified markets infrastructure business, we operate in a broad range of equity, fixed income and derivative markets servicing clients who increasingly seek global products and solutions. If the global economy underperforms, lower activity in our markets may lead to lower revenue.

 

The widening geographical footprint of the Group has had the dual effect of increasing the proportion of the Group's earnings that are in foreign currency, leading to greater foreign exchange risk, but also improving the geographical diversification of the Group's income streams.

 

The COVID-19 virus has turned into a global pandemic since emerging as a risk to the global economy in early 2020. Emergency interest rate cuts and unprecedented fiscal measures have supported global economies and financial markets. The scale of the impact to the global economy is not yet known, however, data collected for the first and second quarters confirmed consecutive quarters of negative global GDP growth and therefore technical recessions across all major developed economies.

In addition to COVID-19, other geopolitical tensions add uncertainty in the markets and may impact investor confidence and activity levels. Specifically, the UK's exit from the EU leaves significant uncertainty with respect to the UK's future relationship with the EU and other trading partners post transition period. Trade tensions between the US and its major trading partners, and more specifically China, also continues to unsettle global markets. All of these risks could impact the global capital markets and as such could affect the financial performance of the Group.

LSEG monitors the potential impact of macroeconomic and political events on its operating environment and business model and the Group is an active participant in international and domestic regulatory debates.

 

Regulatory Change

LSEG is a global business operating in multiple regulatory environments that reflect the diversity of products and the jurisdictions in which it operates. The Group is exposed to risks associated with the management of changes to these regulatory requirements. Regulation increases the compliance risk of the Group's global operations and also creates operational risks as the Group implements processes to meet the new regulations.

 

Brexit

The terms on which the UK withdraws from the EU will likely have a marked impact on economic conditions in both the UK and the EU. The UK's future relationship with the EU and the rest of the world could take a number of years to resolve, this has the potential to cause a prolonged period of economic uncertainty and could affect the Group's businesses, operations, financial condition and cash flows. While negotiations between the UK and EU continue, the process has been somewhat disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. For clearing services to EU members, LCH Ltd remains an EMIR Article 14 authorised CCP and is looking to be recognised as a Tier 2 third country CCP by ESMA. Additionally, the European Commission has indicated that it will extend this temporary equivalence agreement, as necessary.

 

In the event of a hard 'no deal' Brexit, LSEG business will not necessarily be able to rely on respective access between the UK and the EU, including equivalence decisions for all services provided between the EU and the UK. Accordingly, the Group is executing contingency plans to maintain continuity of service to customers and orderly functioning of its markets. These plans include setting up authorised entities in the EU27 and in the UK for certain Group businesses, as well as submitting applications for recognition following the adoption of the relevant equivalence. However, the complexity and the lack of clarity of the application of a hard Brexit and approaches to equivalence decisions may decrease the effectiveness or applicability of some of these contingency plans. As is the case with all change, these contingency plans introduce some execution risk. In addition, the Group also has a structured Brexit programme to engage with UK, EU and US Brexit policy leads to advise on financial market infrastructure considerations. LSEG's key objectives are maintaining London's position as a global financial hub and providing continuity of stable financial market infrastructure services.

 

Any of these risks could adversely affect the Group's business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

Refinitiv Transaction

On 1 August 2019, LSEG announced that it had agreed definitive terms to acquire Refinitiv (the Transaction). Completion of the Transaction is subject to a number of conditions which may not be satisfied or waived, or which may not be capable of satisfaction without the imposition of undertakings, conditions or divestments, which could be material. Delay in completion may result in a prolonged period of uncertainty for LSEG and both delay and failure to complete may result in the accrual of additional and, in the case of a failure to complete, wasted costs.

 

The success of the Transaction will be dependent upon LSEG's ability to integrate the businesses of LSEG and Refinitiv; there will be challenges associated with the integration and the delivery of synergies and/or the benefits expected as a result of the Transaction may not be achieved as anticipated or at all. An Integration Management Office (IMO) for the transaction has been established to manage the overall integration planning process.

 

There are also further risks in relation to the Transaction, existing risks to LSEG that will be impacted by the Transaction and new risks to LSEG as a result of the Transaction which are each described in the shareholder circular related to the Transaction dated 6 November 2019.

 

Competition

The competitive environment in which LSEG operates has undergone, and continues to undergo, transformational changes triggered by market participants, investors, infrastructure operators and regulators, as well as intensifying competition. Continued consolidation has fuelled competition including between groups in different geographies.

 

·      Our Capital Markets operations face continuing risk from competitors' commercial and technological offerings. There is strong competition for primary listings and capital raising from other global exchanges and regional centres with the increasing take-up of new funding models such as private equity, direct investment, crowd-funding and crypto-currencies.

·      The Group's Information Services business faces competition from a variety of sources, most notably from index and benchmark providers as well as others that offer market data and analytics relating to securities that are traded on the Group's markets.

·      In Post Trade Services, we continue to see increased clearing activity across a number of asset classes, in particular OTC derivatives products, reflecting the attractiveness of the Group's current customer offering and open access philosophy. The competition within the post trade environment has intensified due to a general industry move towards inter-operability of CCPs (where participants on trading platforms are offered a choice of CCPs), strengthened by regulatory developments, including MiFID II and MiFIR.

·      In Technology Services, there is intense competition across all our current activities and in some of our growth areas as well as from incumbent providers. New entrants are increasing from both within and outside of our traditional competition base and some consolidation is evident.

 

Competitive markets are, by their very nature, dynamic, and the effects of competitor activity can never be fully mitigated. Senior management and a broad range of customer-facing staff in all business areas are actively engaged with clients to understand their evolving needs and motivations. We have established a Group Relationship Programme to co-ordinate this across Group businesses globally. Commercial initiatives are aligned with our clients and this is complemented by an ongoing focus on technology operations and innovation.

 

Transformation Risk

The Group is exposed to transformation risks (risk of loss or failure resulting from change/transformation) as it continues to grow rapidly both organically and inorganically. The size and complexity of acquisitions in recent years have increased the Group's change management and transformation risks. However, they have also increased its opportunities to compete on a global scale and diversified its revenue footprint by industry, geography and customer base.

 

LSEG's Enterprise-wide Risk Management Framework ensures appropriate risk management across the Group, and the governance of the ever-growing Group is aligned and strengthened as appropriate. The Group performs regular reporting of change performance, including ongoing alignment activity. Each major initiative is overseen by a Steering Committee which monitors the associated risks closely. Regular reports are submitted to the Executive Committee, the Board Risk Committee and the Board.

 

Reputation/Brand/IP

Several of the Group's businesses have iconic national brands that are well known at both national and international levels. Any events or actions that damage the reputation or brands of the Group, such as those propagated via social media, or caused by misuse, could adversely affect its business, financial condition, reputational and operating results.

 

Failure to protect the Group's Intellectual Property adequately (which may arise in its products and services, including software, data and brands) could result in costs for the Group (including defence costs), negatively impact the Group's reputation and affect the ability of the Group to compete effectively. This could adversely impact the Group's businesses, financial condition and operating results.

 

LSEG has policies and procedures in place which are designed to ensure the appropriate usage of the Group's brands and to maintain the integrity of the Group's reputation. LSEG actively monitors the usage of its brands and other Intellectual Property in order to prevent or identify and address any infringements. The Group protects its Intellectual Property by relying upon a combination of trademark laws, copyright laws, patent laws, trade secret protection, database rights, confidentiality agreements and other contractual arrangements with its affiliates, clients, suppliers, strategic partners and others.

 

Financial Risks

 

Credit Risk

The Group's CCPs manage the credit risk of clearing counterparties by imposing stringent membership requirements, analysing member credit quality by means of an internal rating system and via variation margin, initial margins and additional margins. COVID-19 has the potential to introduce new, significant pressure to the performance of companies to which LSEG has a direct financial exposure.

 

Investment Risk

CCPs and other parts of LSEG Group are exposed to credit risk as a result of placing money with investment counterparties on both a secured and unsecured basis. Losses may occur due to the default of either the investment counterparty or of the issuer of bonds bought outright or received as collateral. The Group's credit risk also relates to its customers and counterparties being unable to meet their obligations to the Group either in part or in full.

 

Under the ERMF, CCP investments must be made in compliance with the LSEG Financial Risk Policy (as well as the Policies of the CCPs themselves). These Policies stipulate a number of Risk Management standards including investment limits (secured and unsecured) as well as liquidity coverage ratios. Committees overseeing CCP investment risk meet regularly. CCP counterparty risk including liquidity management balances and counterparty disintermediation risk is consolidated daily at the Group level and reported to the Executive Committee, including limits and status rating. Requirements for investments by other members of the Group are set out in the Group's Board approved Treasury Policy.

 

Market Risk (non-clearing)

The Group is exposed to foreign exchange risk through its broadening geographical footprint, and interest rate risk through borrowing activities and treasury investments.  Non-clearing market risk is monitored and managed closely and is under the oversight of the Group's Treasury Committee.

 

Latent Market Risk (clearing)

The Group's CCPs assume the counterparty risk for all transactions that are cleared through their markets. There is a risk that one of the parties to a cleared transaction defaults on their obligation; in this circumstance the CCP is obliged to honour the contract on the defaulter's behalf and thus an unmatched risk position arises. The CCP may suffer a loss in the process of work-out (the 'Default Management Process') if the market moves against the CCP's positions.

 

All of the Group's CCPs have been EMIR certified and are compliant with the EMIR requirements regarding margin calculations, capital and default rules. Under the ERMF, CCP latent market risk must be managed in compliance with the Group Financial Risk Policy as well as policies of the CCPs themselves.

 

Liquidity Risk (clearing)

There are two distinct types of risk commonly referred to as liquidity risk. Market liquidity risk is the risk that it may be difficult or expensive to liquidate a large or concentrated position. Funding liquidity risk is the risk that the CCP may not have enough cash to pay for physically settled securities delivered by a non-defaulter that cannot be sold to a defaulter.

 

The Group's CCPs collect clearing members' margin and/or default fund contributions in cash and/or in highly liquid securities. To maintain sufficient ongoing liquidity and immediate access to funds, cash deposits received are placed in highly liquid and secure investments, such as central bank deposits, sovereign bonds and reverse repos, as mandated under EMIR; securities deposited by clearing members are therefore held in dedicated accounts with Central Securities Depositories (CSDs) and/or International Central Securities Depositories (ICSDs). The Group's CCPs also hold a small proportion of their investments in unsecured bank and money market deposits. The successful operation of these investment activities is contingent on general market conditions and there is no guarantee that such investments will not suffer market losses. Furthermore, there is a risk that a counterparty default could lead to losses to the Group. Such a loss may occur due to the default of an issuer of bonds in which funds may be invested or the default of a bank in which funds are deposited.

 

The Group's CCPs manage their exposure to credit and concentration risks arising from such investments by maintaining a diversified portfolio of high-quality liquid investments. The Group relies on established policies with minimum counterparty credit criteria, instructions, rules and regulations, as well as procedures specifically designed to actively manage and mitigate credit risks. There is no assurance, however, that these measures will be sufficient to protect the Group's CCPs from a counterparty default.

 

Group CCPs have put in place regulatory compliant liquidity plans for day-to-day liquidity management, including contingencies for stressed conditions. Group CCPs have multiple layers of defence against liquidity shortfalls including; minimum cash balances, access to contingent liquidity arrangements, and, for certain CCPs, access to central bank liquidity.

 

Capital Management

Principal risks to managing the Group's capital include: capital adequacy compliance risk and capital reporting compliance risk (in respect of regulated entities); commercial capital adequacy and quality risk and investment return risk (in respect of regulated and unregulated entities) and availability of debt or equity.

 

The Group's Capital Management Policy provides a framework to ensure the Group maintains suitable capital levels (both at Group and individual subsidiaries levels), and effectively manages the risks thereof. The Group's Treasury Policy recognises the need to observe regulatory requirements in the management of the Group's resources. The Risk Appetite approved by the Board includes components related to the Group's leverage ratios and other capital risk metrics; Key Risk Indicators are monitored regularly, and this risk is mitigated by the fact that the Group is strongly profitable and cash generative. The Group regularly assesses debt and equity markets and seeks to maintain access to new capital at reasonable cost.

 

Model Risk

The Group defines model risk as the potential loss an institution may incur, as a consequence of decisions that could be principally based on the output of models, due to errors in the development, implementation or use of such models.

 

As part of the model validation framework, LSEG businesses have in place industry standard model risk control and governance pillars, including a Model Risk Policy, model inventory tools, documentation templates and standards. The Model Risk Committee provides oversight for all model activities across the Group and reports to the Board Risk Committee.

 

Operational Risks

 

Operational Resilience

LSEG invoked its pandemic business continuity plans during Q1 in response to the COVID-19 threat to the safety of its people and to its operations.

The rapid transition to 99% of its staff and of the majority of its key third party service providers to working from home was successfully managed and businesses have proven resilient under these remote arrangements, gradual return to office plans have been developed, however will not be fully executed until there is a cure or treatments available for COVID-19 or it is eradicated. The Group has also developed detailed back-up plans for all its key employees and put in place additional controls to safeguard access to its systems and assets and the overall effectiveness of its activities.

As LSEG employees and those of its key supplier of services and of its customers or members continue to work from home while the rate of new COVID-19 infections remains high, there is a risk to the wellbeing of its key employees, to the effectiveness of its operations or its continuity which could have a  significant adverse impact on the Group's business, its financial condition and its reputation.

 

Technology

LSEG is highly dependent on the development and operation of its sophisticated technology and advanced information systems and those of its third-party service providers. Technology failures may impact our clients and the orderly running of our markets, potentially leading to system outages. Our reliance on technology has further increased through the periods of high volatility and protracted remote working experienced across all of our geographies during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

The Group is reliant on outsourced service providers for key technology services and data provision and actively manages relationships with strategic technology suppliers to avoid a breakdown in service provision. The Group also actively monitors new technological developments and opportunities for innovation. Through the use of new tools, platforms and technology the group has programmes in place to continually improve its resilience.

 

The Group's technology teams mitigate the risk of resource over-stretch by ensuring prioritisation of key development and operations activities, and resource utilisation and allocation are kept under constant review. LSEG Technology's systems are designed to be software and hardware fault tolerant and alternative systems are available in the unlikely event of multiple failures from which the system is unrecoverable.

 

The Group actively manages relationships with key strategic technology providers.

 

Change Management

The considerable change agenda exposes the Group to the risk that change is either misaligned with the Group's strategic objectives or not managed effectively within time, cost, risk and quality criteria and could impact the resilience of its operations. This risk could be exacerbated by the current remote working arrangements by the Group's employees, of its key third-party service providers and of its customers/members. The volume of change is driven by both internal and external factors. Internal factors include the diversification strategy of the Group and its drive for technology innovation, consolidation and operational resilience. External factors include the changing regulatory landscape and requirements which necessitate changes to our systems and processes.

 

Appropriate governance and executive oversight are exercised over individual programmes and projects based on the scale, complexity and impact of the change to confirm compliance with the approved project management policy and to manage budget, resource, escalations, risks, issues and dependencies. For software specific development, software design methodologies, testing regimes and test environments are continuously being enhanced to minimise implementation risk.

 

Security Threats

Public and private organisations continue to be targeted by increasingly sophisticated cyber-attacks. Cyber-attacks have the potential to adversely impact LSEG businesses.

 

Threats such as ransomware, theft of customer data and distributed denial of service attacks remain increasingly significant to the financial services industry. Further, COVID-19 has introduced additional cyber threats which look to exploit remote working arrangements, such as COVID-19 themed phishing attempts, and attacks on video conferencing facilities. Data or information loss through any form of cyber-attack could have a significant, negative reputational or financial impact on the Group. Additionally, new emerging technologies for the Group such as cloud computing and AI could impact our cyber security risk profile.

 

The Group continues to invest in and enhance its information security control environment, cyber defences and operational processes, including its recovery capability, as it delivers its Board approved Cyber Security Strategy. Extensive IT measures aligned to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) control framework are in place to prevent, detect and respond to cyber security threats. Effective vetting and monitoring and security training and awareness of our third-party service providers and people remain key components of the control framework. The Group monitors intelligence and liaises closely with global Government agencies, industry forums and regulators to help improve our ability to respond to the evolving threats faced by us and our industry.

 

Settlement and Custodial Risks

The Group's CCPs are exposed to operational risks associated with clearing transactions and the management of collateral, particularly where there are manual processes and controls. While the Group's CCPs have in place procedures and controls to prevent failures of these processes, and to mitigate the impact of any such failures, any operational error could have a material adverse effect on the Group's reputation, business, financial condition and operating results.

 

The Group provides routing, netting and settlement and custody services through its CSD to ensure that securities are settled in a timely and secure manner. There are operational risks associated with such services, particularly where processes are not fully automated. Operational risk is minimised via highly automated processes reducing administrative activities while formalising procedures for all services.

 

The operations of the settlement service are outsourced to the European Central Bank (TARGET2-Securities).

 

The CSD mitigates IT risks by providing for redundancy of systems, daily backup of data, fully updated remote recovery sites and SLAs with outsourcers.

 

Compliance Risks

There is a risk that one or more of the Group's entities may fail to comply with the laws and regulatory requirements (including GDPR) to which it is, or becomes, subject. In this event, the entity in question may be subject to censures, fines and other regulatory or legal proceedings.

 

The Group continues to maintain systems and controls to mitigate compliance risk and compliance policies and procedures are regularly reviewed.

 

Data Governance

Through various Group entities, LSEG collects, owns, licenses, calculates, transforms, and distributes data in many forms. Failure to govern the Group's data effectively, could result in those data being unfit for purpose with respect to availability, completeness, accuracy, validity, usage, entitlement and timeliness. This could result in the Group or its customers and stakeholders placing reliance on inadequate data when making strategic or operational decisions which could adversely affect the Group's business, financial condition and operating results.

 

The LSEG Chief Data Office (CDO) defines the Group's data standards. The standards identify the various data held across the Group, access rights/entitlements, any legal or regulatory restrictions which may apply and how such data is used, and the intended future uses. The framework sets out the principles to ensure Group Data is of the highest quality and meets the highest standards, while highlighting key characteristics of data in relation to measurement, oversight, and governance.

 

Employees

The calibre and performance of our leaders and colleagues is critical to the success of the Group. The Group's ability to attract and retain key talent is dependent on a number of factors. This includes (but not exclusively) organisational culture and reputation, prevailing market conditions, compensation packages offered by competitors, and any regulatory impact thereon. In the context of the Refinitiv Transaction, there is a risk that some current and prospective employees experience uncertainty about their future roles within the combined business impacting the ability to retain or recruit key talent.

 

It is therefore critical that the Group continues to have appropriate variable remuneration and retention arrangements in place. These are necessary to drive strong business performance and alignment to long-term shareholder value and returns, impact the size of the local labour force with relevant experience, and the number of businesses competing for such talent. While the Group focuses very carefully on the attraction and retention of talent, if unsuccessful, it may adversely affect the Group's ability to conduct its business through an inability to execute business operations and strategies effectively.

 

Cultivating a diverse talent pool and an inclusive culture is of great importance to the Group to reflect the societies we serve, both for the innovation benefits that diversity of thought help to promote, but also in light of increased industry-wide expectations for ESG transparency.  If the Group were unable to attract, support and retain diverse talent, it may have an adverse impact on the Group's ability to deliver its strategic objectives and its reputation.

 

The risk of loss of critical personnel temporarily or permanently has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic and so mitigation measures have been strengthened. Employee wellbeing and support are of primary importance for the Group.

 

Emerging Risks

The emerging risks to which the Group is exposed are detailed on pages 60 to 73 of the 2019 Annual Report.

 

Directors

 

The Directors of London Stock Exchange Group plc at 30 June 2020 were as follows:

 

Don Robert

David Schwimmer

David Warren

Raffaele Jerusalmi

Jacques Aigrain

Marshall Bailey OBE

Professor Kathleen DeRose

Dominic Blakemore

Cressida Hogg CBE

Stephen O'Connor

Dr Val Rahmani

Professor Andrea Sironi

 

Statement of directors' responsibilities

 

The directors confirm that, to the best of their knowledge, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 as adopted by the European Union and that the interim report herein includes a fair review of the information required by the Financial Conduct Authority's Disclosure and Transparency Rules 4.2.7 and 4.2.8, namely:

 

·      an indication of important events that have occurred during the first six months of the financial year and their impact on the interim condensed consolidated financial statements, and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the financial year; and

 

·      material related party transactions in the first six months of the current financial year and any material changes in the related party transactions described in the last annual report.

 

 

 

 

By order of the Board

 

David Schwimmer

Group CEO

 

 

David Warren

Group CFO

 

 

31 July 2020

 

 

 

Independent review report to London Stock Exchange Group plc

 

Introduction

We have been engaged by London Stock Exchange Group plc (the "Group", the "Company") to review the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 June 2020, which comprises the Condensed Consolidated Income Statement, the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, the Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statement, the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity and related explanatory notes 1 to 16. We have read the other information contained in the half-yearly financial report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the condensed set of financial statements.

This report is made solely to the Company in accordance with guidance contained in International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410 'Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity' issued by the Auditing Practices Board. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the company, for our work, for this report, or for the conclusions we have formed.

Directors' responsibilities

The half-yearly financial report is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the directors. The directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

As disclosed in note 1, the annual financial statements of the Group are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") as adopted by the European Union. The condensed set of financial statements included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 'Interim Financial Reporting' as adopted by the European Union.

Our responsibility

Our responsibility is to express to the Company a conclusion on the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report based on our review.

Scope of review

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410 'Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity' issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

Conclusion

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 June 2020 is not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 'Interim Financial Reporting' as adopted by the European Union and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

 

 

Ernst & Young LLP 

London

31 July 2020

 

 

Notes:

 

1.     The maintenance and integrity of the London Stock Exchange Group plc website is the responsibility of the directors; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters and, accordingly, the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the financial statements since they were initially presented on the website.

2.     Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

FINANCIAL CALENDAR

 

Ex-dividend date for interim dividend

20 August 2020

Interim dividend record date

21 August 2020

Interim dividend payment date

22 September 2020

Q3 Trading Statement (revenues only)

October 2020

Financial year end

31 December 2020

Preliminary results

March 2021

Annual General Meeting

April/May 2021

The financial calendar is updated on a regular basis throughout the year.
P
lease refer to our website http://www.lseg.com/investor-relations  and click on the shareholder services section for up-to-date details.

 

INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACTS

 

Investor Relations

 

London Stock Exchange Group plc

10 Paternoster Square

London EC4M 7LS

 

For enquiries relating to shareholdings in London Stock Exchange Group plc:

 

Shareholder helpline: +44 (0)20 7797 3322

 

email: ir@lseg.com 

 

Visit the investor relations section of our website for up-to-date information including the latest share price, announcements, financial reports and details of analysts and consensus forecasts

http://www.lseg.com/investor-relations 

 

 

Independent auditors

 

Ernst & Young LLP

25 Churchill Place

Canary Wharf

London

E14 5EY

 

T +44 (0)20 7951 2000

 

 

Registered office

 

London Stock Exchange Group plc

10 Paternoster Square

London EC4M 7LS

 

Registered company number

London Stock Exchange Group plc: 5369106

 

 

Registrar information

 

Equiniti

Aspect House

Spencer Road

Lancing

West Sussex

BN99 6DA

 

T +44 (0)371 384 2233 or +44 (0)121 415 7065

Lines open 8.30 to 17.30, Monday to Friday.

www.shareview.co.uk

 

Principal legal adviser

 

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP

65 Fleet Street

London

EC4Y 1HT

 

T +44 (0)20 7936 4000

 

Corporate brokers

 

Barclays

5 The North Colonnade

Canary Wharf

London

E14 4BB

 

T +44 (0)20 7623 2323

www.barclays.com

 

 

RBC Capital Markets

RBC Europe Limited

100 Bishopsgate

London

EC2N 4AA

 

T +44 (0)20 7653 4000

www.rbccm.com

 

 

AIM, London Stock Exchange, London Stock Exchange Group, LSE, LSEG, the London Stock Exchange Coat of Arms Device, SETS and UnaVista, are registered trade marks of London Stock Exchange plc. Main Market, is an un-registered trade mark of London Stock Exchange plc.

 

Borsa Italiana is a registered trade mark of Borsa Italiana S.p.A..

 

CC&G is a registered trade mark of Cassa di Compensazione e Garanzia S.p.A..

 

Monte Titoli and X-TRM are registered trade marks of Monte Titoli S.p.A..

 

BOND VISION is a registered trade mark of MTS S.p.A..

 

FTSE is a registered trade mark of the London Stock Exchange Group companies and is used by FTSE International Limited under licence.

 

FTSE Russell is a registered trade mark of London Stock Exchange plc.

 

Mergent is a registered trade mark of Mergent, Inc..

 

Beyond Ratings is a registered trade mark of Beyond Ratings.

 

MillenniumIT is a registered trade mark of Millennium Information Technologies Limited.

Turquoise is a registered trade mark of Turquoise Global Holdings Limited.

 

SwapClear, EquityClear, ForexClear and LCH are registered trade marks of LCH Limited.

 

CDSClear is a registered trade mark of LCH S.A..

 

Other logos, organisations and company names referred to may be the trade marks of their respective owners.


This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.
 
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